Hardware and features
One of the earliest
types of hook hardware used and typical of Heddon baits made prior to 1916-1917.
There is an eye screw in the center of the cup which holds the hook. The cup was
to have prevented the hook from hitting the lure body and protected the wood.
There are several variations of the earliest types, but the more common type
found on the 1908 version is pictured below.
Cup rig underwater
minnows can have two types of props: unmarked (No Name On Prop) which dates them
prior to 1915-1917, and (Name On Prop), which dates them after 1915-1917 when
the name Heddon Dowagiac was stamped on the front prop.
Heddon made a gradual
change to L-rig during the 1915-1917 time range, so it is possible to find NOP
lures with cup rig. Apparently they wanted to use up the last cup rig lures and
placed the new marked props on the older cup rig lures. Where wood box lures are
concerned, there should be no name on the prop!
The 1907 Heddon catalog
lists the following colors were available in the 150 that year:
Fancy Back (green
White (slate and
Aluminum (blue grey)
Red (solid to blended)
Yellow (brownish green
on top, yellow belly)
Gold (greenish gold)
You should look at the
chart on Heddon 150 colors to track and check the
introduction and disappearance of various colors by Heddon.
Body shapes ranged
from the earliest 1904-1906 with a high forehead and two or three belly weights,
to the later 1908-1910 slimmer bodies with only one belly weight. The most
common is the later single belly weight. The typical 1908 wood box model lure is
Below is a picture, from
Riley Smith's collection, of a high forehead five hook model with long sweeping
gill marks. This is NOT the body type that would be found in the type IV or V
wood box, but rather the earlier onway slide top wood boxes marked The "New"
There are four
versions of the wood box. Type I, II, III, IV, and V. Type I, II, and III are
consistent with the two and three belly weight model lure bodies.
Type IV and V wood boxes
are consistent with the 1908-1910 blunt nose model lures.
Earliest cup rig models
c.1902-1904 generally came in white cardboard boxes with a picture or writing on
the top of the box. As of 1904 they used both wood boxes and cardboard depending
on the minnow until the wood box only in the 1908-1910 era.
Wood boxes are generally
thought to have been used from 1904-1910. After that time a new cardboard
box was used: The Pinetree box and the blue border down leaping Bass box, then
came the various red border down leaping Bass boxes.
Below are three
variations of the nomenclature found on the end of the type IV and V wood boxes.
Heddon lure Index
Be sure to see the
examples of the pre-1920 Heddon lure collection on this